The Study of Economic Impacts of the Weather Effects of Climate Change estimated a portion of the future costs of climate-related extreme weather hazards. It examined how climate change could affect two Canadian communities – Halifax, N.S., and Mississauga, Ont. – in the coming years. (For the purposes of the study, researchers made the assumption that no new adaptation measures would be implemented by the cities during the timeframe studied; however, both cities are pursuing ambitious climate change adaptation strategies.) The results characterize the types of impacts all communities will need to prepare for as a result of climate change.